A Configuration package is an OCI container images containing a collection of Compositions, Composite Resource Definitions and any required Providers or Functions.

Configuration packages make your Crossplane configuration fully portable.

Important

Crossplane Providers and Functions are also Crossplane packages.

This document describes how to install and manage configuration packages.

Refer to the Provider and Composition Functions chapters for details on their usage of packages.

Install a Configuration

Install a Configuration with a Crossplane Configuration object by setting the spec.package value to the location of the configuration package.

Important

Beginning with Crossplane version 1.15.0 Crossplane uses the Upbound Marketplace Crossplane package registry at xpkg.upbound.io by default for downloading and installing packages.

Specify the full domain name with the package or change the default Crossplane registry with the --registry flag on the Crossplane pod

For example to install the Upbound AWS reference platform,

1apiVersion: pkg.crossplane.io/v1
2kind: Configuration
3metadata:
4  name: platform-ref-aws
5spec:
6  package: xpkg.upbound.io/upbound/platform-ref-aws:v0.6.0

Crossplane installs the Compositions, Composite Resource Definitions and Providers listed in the Configuration.

Install with Helm

Crossplane supports installing Configurations during an initial Crossplane installation with the Crossplane Helm chart.

Use the --set configuration.packages argument with helm install.

For example, to install the Upbound AWS reference platform,

1helm install crossplane \
2crossplane-stable/crossplane \
3--namespace crossplane-system \
4--create-namespace \
5--set configuration.packages='{xpkg.upbound.io/upbound/platform-ref-aws:v0.6.0}'

Install offline

Crossplane installs packages from a local package cache. By default the Crossplane package cache is an emptyDir volume.

Configure Crossplane to use a PersistentVolumeClaim to use a storage location containing the Configuration image. Read more about configuring the Crossplane Pod settings in the Crossplane install documentation.

Provide the name of the Configuration’s .xpkg file and set packagePullPolicy: Never.

For example, to install a locally stored version of Upbound AWS reference platform set the package to the local filename and set the Configuration’s packagePullPolicy: Never.

1apiVersion: pkg.crossplane.io/v1
2kind: Configuration
3metadata:
4  name: offline-platform-ref-aws
5spec:
6  package: platform-ref-aws
7  packagePullPolicy: Never

Installation options

Configurations support multiple options to change configuration package related settings.

Configuration revisions

When installing a newer version of an existing Configuration Crossplane creates a new configuration revision.

View the configuration revisions with kubectl get configurationrevisions.

1kubectl get configurationrevisions
2NAME                            HEALTHY   REVISION   IMAGE                                             STATE      DEP-FOUND   DEP-INSTALLED   AGE
3platform-ref-aws-1735d56cd88d   True      2          xpkg.upbound.io/upbound/platform-ref-aws:v0.5.0   Active     2           2               46s
4platform-ref-aws-3ac761211893   True      1          xpkg.upbound.io/upbound/platform-ref-aws:v0.4.1   Inactive                               5m13s

Only a single revision is active at a time. The active revision determines the available resources, including Compositions and Composite Resource Definitions.

By default Crossplane keeps only a single Inactive revision.

Change the number of revisions Crossplane maintains with a Configuration package revisionHistoryLimit.

The revisionHistoryLimit field is an integer.
The default value is 1.
Disable storing revisions by setting revisionHistoryLimit to 0.

For example, to change the default setting and store 10 revisions use revisionHistoryLimit: 10.

1apiVersion: pkg.crossplane.io/v1
2kind: Configuration
3metadata:
4  name: platform-ref-aws
5spec:
6  revisionHistoryLimit: 10
7# Removed for brevity

Configuration package pull policy

Use a packagePullPolicy to define when Crossplane should download the Configuration package to the local Crossplane package cache.

The packagePullPolicy options are:

  • IfNotPresent - (default) Only download the package if it isn’t in the cache.
  • Always - Check for new packages every minute and download any matching package that isn’t in the cache.
  • Never - Never download the package. Packages are only installed from the local package cache.
Tip

The Crossplane packagePullPolicy works like the Kubernetes container image image pull policy.

Crossplane supports the use of tags and package digest hashes like Kubernetes images.

For example, to Always download a given Configuration package use the packagePullPolicy: Always configuration.

1apiVersion: pkg.crossplane.io/v1
2kind: Configuration
3metadata:
4  name: platform-ref-aws
5spec:
6  packagePullPolicy: Always
7# Removed for brevity

Revision activation policy

The Active package revision is the package controller actively reconciling resources.

By default Crossplane sets the most recently installed package revision as Active.

Control the Configuration upgrade behavior with a revisionActivationPolicy.

The revisionActivationPolicy options are:

  • Automatic - (default) Automatically activate the last installed configuration.
  • Manual - Don’t automatically activate a configuration.

For example, to change the upgrade behavior to require manual upgrades, set revisionActivationPolicy: Manual.

1apiVersion: pkg.crossplane.io/v1
2kind: Configuration
3metadata:
4  name: platform-ref-aws
5spec:
6  revisionActivationPolicy: Manual
7# Removed for brevity

Install a Configuration from a private registry

Like Kubernetes uses imagePullSecrets to install images from private registries, Crossplane uses packagePullSecrets to install Configuration packages from a private registry.

Use packagePullSecrets to provide a Kubernetes secret to use for authentication when downloading a Configuration package.

Important
The Kubernetes secret must be in the same namespace as Crossplane.

The packagePullSecrets is a list of secrets.

For example, to use the secret named example-secret configure a packagePullSecrets.

1apiVersion: pkg.crossplane.io/v1
2kind: Configuration
3metadata:
4  name: platform-ref-aws
5spec:
6  packagePullSecrets: 
7    - name: example-secret
8# Removed for brevity

Ignore dependencies

By default Crossplane installs any dependencies listed in a Configuration package.

Crossplane can ignore a Configuration package’s dependencies with skipDependencyResolution.

Warning

Most Configurations include dependencies for the required Providers.

If a Configuration ignores dependencies, the required Providers must be manually installed.

For example, to disable dependency resolution configure skipDependencyResolution: true.

1apiVersion: pkg.crossplane.io/v1
2kind: Configuration
3metadata:
4  name: platform-ref-aws
5spec:
6  skipDependencyResolution: true
7# Removed for brevity

Ignore Crossplane version requirements

A Configuration package may require a specific or minimum Crossplane version before installing. By default, Crossplane doesn’t install a Configuration if the Crossplane version doesn’t meet the required version.

Crossplane can ignore the required version with ignoreCrossplaneConstraints.

For example, to install a Configuration package into an unsupported Crossplane version, configure ignoreCrossplaneConstraints: true.

1apiVersion: pkg.crossplane.io/v1
2kind: Configuration
3metadata:
4  name: platform-ref-aws
5spec:
6  ignoreCrossplaneConstraints: true
7# Removed for brevity

Verify a Configuration

Verify a Configuration with kubectl get configuration.

A working configuration reports Installed and Healthy as True.

1kubectl get configuration
2NAME               INSTALLED   HEALTHY   PACKAGE                                           AGE
3platform-ref-aws   True        True      xpkg.upbound.io/upbound/platform-ref-aws:v0.6.0   54s

Manage dependencies

Configuration packages may include dependencies on other packages including Functions, Providers or other Configurations.

If Crossplane can’t meet the dependencies of a Configuration the Configuration reports HEALTHY as False.

For example, this installation of the Upbound AWS reference platform is HEALTHY: False.

1kubectl get configuration
2NAME               INSTALLED   HEALTHY   PACKAGE                                           AGE
3platform-ref-aws   True        False     xpkg.upbound.io/upbound/platform-ref-aws:v0.6.0   71s

To see more information on why the Configuration isn’t HEALTHY use kubectl describe configurationrevisions.

 1kubectl describe configurationrevision
 2Name:         platform-ref-aws-a30ad655c769
 3API Version:  pkg.crossplane.io/v1
 4Kind:         ConfigurationRevision
 5# Removed for brevity
 6Spec:
 7  Desired State:                  Active
 8  Image:                          xpkg.upbound.io/upbound/platform-ref-aws:v0.6.0
 9  Revision:                       1
10Status:
11  Conditions:
12    Last Transition Time:  2023-10-06T20:08:14Z
13    Reason:                UnhealthyPackageRevision
14    Status:                False
15    Type:                  Healthy
16  Controller Ref:
17    Name:
18Events:
19  Type     Reason       Age                From                                              Message
20  ----     ------       ----               ----                                              -------
21  Warning  LintPackage  29s (x2 over 29s)  packages/configurationrevision.pkg.crossplane.io  incompatible Crossplane version: package is not compatible with Crossplane version (v1.12.0)

The Events show a Warning with a message that the current version of Crossplane doesn’t meet the Configuration package requirements.

Create a Configuration

Crossplane Configuration packages are OCI container images containing one or more YAML files.

Important

Configuration packages are fully OCI compliant. Any tool that builds OCI images can build Configuration packages.

It’s strongly recommended to use the Crossplane command-line tool to provide error checking and formatting to Crossplane package builds.

Read the Crossplane package specification for package requirements when building packages with third-party tools.

A Configuration package requires a crossplane.yaml file and may include Composition and CompositeResourceDefinition files.

The crossplane.yaml file

To build a Configuration package using the Crossplane CLI, create a file named crossplane.yaml.
The crossplane.yaml file defines the requirements and name of the Configuration.

Important
The Crossplane CLI only supports a file named crossplane.yaml.

Configuration package uses the meta.pkg.crossplane.io Crossplane API group.

Specify any other Configurations, Functions or Providers in the dependsOn list.
Optionally, you can require a specific or minimum package version with the version option.

You can also define a specific or minimum version of Crossplane for this Configuration with the crossplane.version option.

Note
Defining the crossplane object or required versions is optional.
 1$ cat crossplane.yaml
 2apiVersion: meta.pkg.crossplane.io/v1alpha1
 3kind: Configuration
 4metadata:
 5  name: test-configuration
 6spec:
 7  dependsOn:
 8    - provider: xpkg.upbound.io/crossplane-contrib/provider-aws
 9      version: ">=v0.36.0"
10  crossplane:
11    version: ">=v1.12.1-0"

Build the package

Create the package using the Crossplane CLI command crossplane xpkg build --package-root=<directory>.

Where the <directory> is the directory containing the crossplane.yaml file and any Composition or CompositeResourceDefinition YAML files.

The CLI recursively searches for .yml or .yaml files in the directory to include in the package.

Important

You must ignore any other YAML files with --ignore=<file_list>.
For example, crossplane xpkg build --package-root=test-directory --ignore=".tmp/*".

Including YAML files that aren’t Compositions or CompositeResourceDefinitions, including Claims isn’t supported.

By default, Crossplane creates an .xpkg file of the Configuration name and a SHA-256 hash of the package contents.

For example, a Configuration named test-configuration.
The Crossplane CLI builds a package named test-configuration-e8c244f6bf21.xpkg.

1apiVersion: meta.pkg.crossplane.io/v1alpha1
2kind: Configuration
3metadata:
4  name: test-configuration
5# Removed for brevity

Specify the output file with --package-file=<filename>.xpkg option.

For example, to build a package from a directory named test-directory and generate a package named test-package.xpkg in the current working directory, use the command:

1crossplane xpkg build --package-root=test-directory --package-file=test-package.xpkg
1ls -1 ./
2test-directory
3test-package.xpkg